Military branches:
Papua New Guinea Defense Force (PNGDF; includes Maritime Operations Element, Air Operations Element) (2012)

Military service age and obligation:
16 years of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription (2010)

Manpower available for military service:
males age 16-49: 1,568,210
females age 16-49: 1,478,965 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 16-49: 1,130,951
females age 16-49: 1,137,753 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
male: 67,781
female: 65,820 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures:
1.4% of GDP (2005 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106

Disputes - international:

relies on assistance from Australia to keep out illegal cross-border activities from primarily Indonesia, including goods smuggling, illegal narcotics trafficking, and squatters and secessionists

Refugees and internally displaced persons:
refugees (country of origin): 10,177 (Indonesia) (2007)

Trafficking in persons:
current situation: Papua New Guinea is a source, destination, and transit country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor; women and children are subjected to sex trafficking and domestic servitude; trafficked men are forced to labor in logging and mining camps; migrant women and teenage girls from Malaysia, Thailand, China, and the Philippines are subjected to sex trafficking; men from China are transported to the country for forced labor
tier rating: Tier 3 - Papua New Guinea does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; despite the government's acknowledgement of trafficking as a problem in the country, the government did not investigate any suspected trafficking offenses, prosecute or convict any trafficking offenders under existing laws, address allegations of officials complicit in human trafficking crimes, or identify or assist any trafficking victims (2011)

Illicit drugs:
major consumer of cannabis